According to the US national institute of neurological disorders, more than 80% of adults experience low back pain. I’ve never met an adult who didn’t complain about his low back pain. You’re probably one of them. Whether you’re a male or a female, back pain affects men and women equally. Most lower back pain is short term, but in some cases it’s chronic. And today, we will talk about this issue and how you can fix it if you already have it, and prevent it if you don’t. So if you want to learn how to prevent the issue in the future, stick around with us.
1-Definition of low back pain and its causes
The lower back where most back pain occurs is the part responsible for supporting the upper body. There are muscle tissues and thirty-one nerves rooted there that control movements and transmit signals from the body to the brain. The majority of lower back pain is mechanical. It’s associated with wear and tear that occurs in joints, discs, and bones as people get older. The most common causes of low back pain are sprains and strains caused by overstretching or lifting something too heavy improperly. Inflammations are also known to trigger the problem. Another very popular cause is a traumatic injury such as a fall, and accident, or an injury while playing sports. Low back pain is rarely related to serious conditions, but when it is, the causes might be infections, kidney stones, and even tumors. However, those are highly unlikely to be the cause since low back pain is rarely related to them.
2-What are the symptoms of low back pain?
A) Regular Symptoms range from an ache to a stabbing or shooting sensation. This kind of pain may make it painful to move, walk, or stand straight. This kind of pain comes on suddenly after performing a wrong movement that might affect your lower back and is usually temporary.
B) Warning symptoms include numbness in the area, leg weakness, fever, and pain when coughing. Those signs require immediate professional help and are considered urgent. Also, if you have a history of drug use or cancer, contact your doctor immediately.
3-How is low back pain treated?
A).How to treat low back pain at home. Self-care methods should be applied within the first 48 hours after the pain begins. You can try taking a couple of days off your work or you can try to stop your physical activity for 48 to 72 hours and apply ice to your lower back. After 72 hours, switch to heat. Alternating between ice and heat is a perfect way to relax the muscles and relieve the pain according to experts. Adding in some pain medication can also help ease the symptoms until the pain is gone. If laying on your back causes you discomfort, try laying on your side instead until the pain is gone. A massage or a warm bath can also help relax stiff muscles in the back.
B). Medical treatment. Your doctor may also prescribe physical therapy including massages, stretching and certain exercises. In rare cases, surgery might be necessary. Surgery is only an option when all other methods fail. However, if there’s a progressive neurological loss or loss of bowel and bladder control, surgery becomes an emergency option.
4- How to prevent low back pain.
Now, the moment that you’ve been waiting for, how to prevent low back pain to avoid any further complications that might require emergency options.
A. Exercising to strengthen your back and core area.
B. Maintain good posture.
C. Lift items properly by bending at the knees and using the leg muscles to lift the weight.
D. Make sure to sleep on firm surfaces and get proper sleep every night.
E. Quit smoking.
F. If the cause if psychological, treat it first.
Low back pain is a problem that most people are suffering from that’s caused by the modern lifestyle that needs to be changed. Some signs and symptoms include an ache, a temporary pain, finding it painful to move, walk, or stand straight. It’s up to a doctor to determine the treatment method after running the proper tests and observing the symptoms. They might give you a treatment, suggest physical therapy, or simply describe proven home remedies for you to perform at home. If you’re looking to avoid the problem in the future, you might want to exercise regularly, maintain a good posture, lift items properly, and sleep on firm surfaces.